Knickers & Vests



In the year of the London Olympics Triangle's Knickers & Vests project investigated notions of “discipline” in sport and theatre, inspired by memories of Physical Education between 1948 and the late 1980s. It drew on interviews and memories of compulsory school sport and explored the tactics of reluctant sports participants, and explored the connections between school sport coaching, and methods of actor training. We assembled a team of misfit PE teachers/sports instructors and devised an emotionally expressive aerobic exercise for a sporting events Opening Ceremony.

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Physical Education c.1954
(This image, courtesy of Coventry Archives, is for research only and not for reproduction)
see:
Ian Pickup and Lawry Price. Teaching physical education in the primary school : a developmental approach. London ; New York : Continuum International Pub. Group, c2007.

Per Henrik Ling (1776-1839)
The prime developer of natural gymnastics was Per Henrik Ling. In 1813 Ling founded a teacher-training centre, the Royal Gymnastics Central Institute, in Stockholm. Ling devised and taught a system of gymnastic exercises designed to produce medical benefits for the athlete. Calisthenics are attributed to him, including free calisthenics—that is, exercises without the use of hand apparatus such as clubs, wands, and dumbbells. Although Ling did not promote competition, free calisthenics have evolved into the competitive sport now known as floor exercise.

Madame Bergman Osterberg (1849-1915)
Martina Bergman Österberg was a Swedish woman and an early supporter of women's suffrage in Sweden. She trained at the Royal Central Gymnastic Institute in Stockholm, and was appointed Superintendant of Physical Education in Girls' and Infants' Schools by the London School Board in 1881. She founded a college for girls in Hampstead in 1885, known as the Hampstead College of Physical Training. Teacher training was the central activity of the College, following the scientific method of the Swedish teacher Per Henrik Ling.

Actor training
Choreographic Theatre - a performance and actor training approach devised by Enrique Pardo and Pantheatre.

Body Politics (Anxiety, Embarrassment and Stigma)
Erving Goffman. Stigma : notes on the management of spoiled identity. Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1990.
The Chubsters
Fat Activism
Health at Every Size

The Olympics and sports
David C. Young. A brief history of the Olympic games Malden, MA ; Oxford : Blackwell Pub., 2004.

sports bloopers (see youtube)

Films & TV:
Man on Wire (2008)
Run Fat Boy Run (2007)
Mr Woodcock (2007)
The Flying Scotsman (2006)
The Brittas Empire (BBC, 1991)
Chariots of Fire (1981)
Marathon Man (1976)
Kes (1969)

Books:
Murakami, H. What I Talk About When I Talk About Running. Gabriel P (trans). Harvill Secker, London, 2008.


Music:
Fatboy Slim Praise You (1999)

Performances:
11th June 3rd International Qualitative Conference in Sport and Exercise - Venue: Whitelands College, Roehampton University
http://www.roehampton.ac.uk/news/events/june-2009/Conference_Sport_Exercise.html

25th May London 2012 Open Weekend - Venue: University Square, Coventry
http://www.london2012.com/index.php

26th May London 2012 Open Weekend - Venue: Orleans Gallery, Richmond

13th-29th July Interactive Performances and Happenings. Venues: Coventry Parks (call 07899 872215 for details)
http://www.coventry.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/leisure-and-culture/events/

30th July British Westfield Health Transplant Games Opening Ceremony. Venue: University Square, Coventry

31st July-1st August British Westfield Health Transplant Games. Interactive Performances and Happenings. Venues: Warwick and Coventry Universities and Coventry Sports Centre.